Autism & Asperger’s Syndrome
According to the Autism Society of America, autism is a developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. The result of a neurological disorder that affects functioning of the brain, the CDC’s latest estimate for the prevalence rate of autism and its associated deficits is 1 of every 68 individuals. Autism interferes with the normal development of the brain in the areas of reasoning, social interaction and communication skills. Children and adults with autism typically have difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions and leisure or play activities. The disorder makes it hard for them to communicate with and relate to others. They may exhibit repeated body movements (hand flapping, rocking), unusual responses to people or attachments to objects and resist any changes in routines. In some cases, aggressive and/or self-injurious behavior may be present. Its prevalence rate now places it as the third most common developmental disability, yet many people of the public, including many professionals in the medical, educational, and vocational fields are still unaware of how autism affects people and how to effectively work with individuals with autism.
Asperger Syndrome or (Asperger’s Disorder), as described by Barbara l. Kirby, is a neurobiological disorder which describes a pattern of behaviors in individuals who have a normal intelligence and language development, but who also exhibit autistic-like behaviors and marked deficiencies in social and communication skills. Persons with Asperger Syndrome show marked deficiencies in social skills, have difficulties with transitions or changes and prefer predictability. They often adhere strictly to routines and may be preoccupied with a particular subject of interest. They have a great deal of difficulty reading nonverbal cues (body language) and very often the individual with AS has a difficulty determining proper body space. Often overly sensitive to sounds, tastes, smells, and sights, the person with Asperger Syndrome may prefer soft clothing, certain foods, and be bothered by sounds or lights no one else seems to hear or see. . Vocabularies may be extraordinarily rich and some children sound like “little professors.” However, persons with Asperger Syndrome can be extremely literal and have difficulty using language in a social context.
Like AD/HD, these developmental syndromes are widely misunderstood and can be difficult to treat successfully. The latest scientific studies show that autistic disorder spectrum symptoms appear to be related to problems with internal communication among different brain areas. ABF treatment methods can result in noted improvement in symptoms of autism and Asperger’s. Regardless of the difficulty on treating these conditions, ABF has made successful reductions in the symptoms of autism or Asperger’s.